Melasma occurs when your skin produces excessive amounts of melanin. Melasma triggers, whether internal or external, stimulate an increased production of melanin that causes the dark patches on your skin.
Whatever you choose as the best melasma treatment, remember that you have to avoid exposure to sunlight or even exposure to simple light bulbs because they both aggravate the production of Melasma producing cells.
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You should at least use sunblock or sunscreens or other recommended cosmetics that have sun protective factors to achieve the maximum and best result of any kind of Melasma treatment.
Melasma symptoms include
1.Symmetrical patches of dark, brown, or greyish skin
2.Enlarged melanin cells called melanocytes
3.An increase in the number of melanin cells
Melasma, unfortunately, cannot be cured, but it can be effectively managed with sun protective measures and professional dermatologic care.
Melasma is very manageable, so seeking treatment can help reduce the appearance of dark patches as well as prevent these patches from coming back. There are many types of treatment, all of which can help fade and manage this skin condition.
1.Topical creams: Combinations of medications that are applied to the skin which inhibit melanin production, encourage new skin growth, and reduce inflammation. These creams may include one or a combination of ingredients, such as azelaic acid, tranexamic acid, and hydroquinone.
2.Chemical peels: A chemical solution that ‘peels’ off the topmost layer of skin, removing discolored patches and promoting new skin growth.
3.Laser skin lightening: The use of precise lasers to remove discolored areas on the skin.