How Electrical Stimulation Is Used in Physical Therapy?

If you have an injury, your healthcare provider may order physical therapy to help you on the road to recovery. Along with other forms of treatment, you may receive neuromuscular electrical stimulation as part of your therapy. Keep reading to learn more about electrical stimulation and how it's used in physical therapy.

If you have an injury or illness that causes pain or prevents you from easily moving around, then must schedule an appointment with a physician via

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Electrical stimulation is a type of physical therapy modality or treatment used to accomplish various tasks in physical therapy. The idea is that applying an electrical current helps strengthen muscles, block pain signals, and improve blood circulation.

Electrical stimulation is used for many reasons in physical therapy. It can be used to:

  • Provide medication for inflammation
  • Improve muscles that are weak or not functioning correctly
  • Help decrease pain or spasms

If you are experiencing pain, spasms, inflammation, or muscle weakness, your physical therapist may use this treatment to help you.

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) uses an electrical current to cause a single muscle or a group of muscles to contract. By placing electrodes on the skin in various locations, the physical therapist can activate the appropriate muscle fibers. 

Contracting the muscle via electrical stimulation helps improve the way your affected muscle contracts. The physical therapist can change the current setting to allow for a forceful or gentle muscle contraction.